The concept of "telepresence"

Until today, the development of telepresence has been linked to that of telecommunications, such as the last technological turn toward a more direct communication and nearby. However, the concept of "telepresence", intended as such, does not necessarily possess this "communicative" intention.  The concept of telepresence does not involve the exchange of "messages".  Telepresence seeks the phenomenon of presence to distance, the utopia to make present the distance. Of course, such a presence can consist of coded messages (a voice that carries words, for example), but the telepresence does not have to be reduced to them. All telecommunications is a form of telepresence, but not all telepresence is telecommunication.

The telepresence goes beyond telecommunications.

Thus, the development of telepresence doesn't necessarily have to be directed to only make more intelligible messages; it is not a matter of debugging the systems from the point of view of "communication", but from the point of view of the real presence of phenomenon brought from a distance.

This is an idea that articulates the HOSPES Project.

Places, tele-presence and recursive network

HOSPES proposes the creation of interconnected areas of interaction to distance in centers of art and artistic production. In other words, a network of telepresence.

This network will have special features by the nature of their connections. It is a matter of creating hybrid zones, with physical and virtual components, which become a teleshared interface for production.

Therefore, the study of these emerging areas of action is necessary.

There is a close relationship between the notions of "presence" and "place": we call "presence" to the agents that are in the same place (here), and a place is, in turn, a space defined by these presences that inhabit it.

On this basis, we can rethink the status of the teleshared spaces: places in which generic definition is involved, not just the phenomena, but also the tele-present, i.e. phenomenon that are part of the definition of "other places".  A teleshared space (A) cannot be generically defined only in relation to itself (to their presences), but also in relation to the general definition of "other" nodes that are telepresent (B, C, D, etc).

In this way, we can understand a space as a teleshared place recursively defined: the node consists of its possible overlap with B, C, D, etc. The definition of A is, in this sense, "open", which is due to be completed by what are B, C, D, etc., and, of course, the same thing will happen to each of the nodes.

This is what we call "Network of Recursive Telepresence" (RRT), which possesses certain characteristics:

In the RRT, the determination of each node is subject to the determinations of the other.

The RRT is a system of freedoms and commitments: each node is autonomous and free to manage their presences and this, in turn, committed to be complete by the other. Occupy and be occupied at the same time (HOSPES).

The system (the RRT as a whole) has emergent properties that do not apply to the separate nodes. The RRT satisfies a series of functions that each node cannot meet separately.

The functions of the RRT cannot, however, be defined a priori: in fact, they depend of the specific dynamics assumed by the nodes. But the dynamics of the nodes can neither be determined a priori, since each node can only determine a part of its activity, and is open to the intervention of the other nodes.

The general dynamics of the RRT is, therefore, in the hands of everybody and nobody. It is the challenge of the autonomy and tolerance.

Expected Benefits of HOSPES

Test a model of open spaces to the emergency of criteria from other centers and outside, because the space itself. The spaces attached to the RRT are characterized by being open to the input of others and, therefore, are mutable spaces of nature.

It will allow the free telematic transit of artists elsewhere installed in other art centers of the world, providing strategic support to each node through the RRT. This will dramatically increase the number of activities produced in each center.

To give continuity to the teleshared actions to strengthen the collaboration network and thus have experiences that allow observation and reflection on them.

Evolve to higher speed the telepresence systems and interaction at a distance.

Create a space for the existence and presence as nomadic territory with a free and open philosophy.


The main goal of HOSPES project is to create the infrastructure and logistics necessary for the development of artistic projects of telepresence between a variety of centers dedicated to the telematic practices. This mainly involves two things:

Generate links between centers and/or artists. Build the network and the desire for movement of that network.

Develop the devices required for the generation of zones of telepresence (connection to the Internet, processors, sensors and actuators…) in the node of Poitiers. The progress and findings will be made available to the network to be deployed in the rest of nodes with the formalization that each center decides and in a parallel form.

Work methodology

The networking as a method of work and creation.

Permanent connection (24/24) of interactive devices of telecontrol.

A third node in USA, Culturehub (New York) will be part of the network at certain times and have a collaborative role, becoming more complex interactions and information flows.

HOSPES includes the creation of a working group on the Madrid Node (MediaLab Prado) in the months leading to the residence of INTACT team in Lieu Multiple.

This task force will enable the design and development of interface elements combine telepresence robotics and software in order to produce a constant flow of data. Uninterrupted connection during development of HOSPES will provide a resource that will benefit later as well as during residence in Lieu Multiple to have the feedback necessary to:

Tools testing,

Project coordination,

Generation of content

Strengthening the bonds of the network.

The incorporation of other artists linked to centers wishing to participate and interact with the two spaces simultaneously.



Development of an open call for collaborators in Medialab Prado

Creating Telepresence Station HOSPES or HOSPES Zone

Residence in Lieu Multiple

Creating a second HOSPES Zone permanently connected with the first

Final Presentation

Role and dynamics of the system: The future

 First and foremost, the meaning of the RRT HOSPES is to be taken as a strategy to generate dynamic in the nodes that are added to it. Joining the RRT responds to the desire to move and be moved by the movement of the other. The dynamics generated in a node are propagated to the rest. The willingness of a node to move is related to the willingness of others to be dragged by the movement = shake and be shaken.

The network can be established and in operation without, in fact, any movement in it. The movement of the network depends on the willingness of each node to move themselves, to move and be moved. It is the willingness to mutate, to become a force of the proper motions and movements that others generate in one.

In addition to this, the dynamics assumed by the nodes will generate the specific dynamics of the entire network. The HOSPES network will have a behavior and fulfill specific functions that may go varying according to how the dynamics of the nodes vary; but it is not, of course, easy to anticipate. This is part of a future that is to discover and investigate.







HOST DIARY: http://www.intact01.net/carnevale-modular-system-of-distributed-telepresence/





CARNIVAL SYSTEM: http://www.intact01.net/carnevale-modular-system-of-distributed-telepresence/